Democracy in Peril: Geopolitical Manifestations of Egyptian Turmoil
Foreign Policy Journal, August 23, 2013
Viswesh Rammohan, Research Intern, National Institute of Advanced Studies
Nabeel A. Mancheri, Assistant Professor, National Institute of Advanced Studies
The 30th of June 2013 was to be an important day in Egypt’s long history as it was getting ready for the first time to celebrate the anniversary of a democratically elected president. Instead, a large protest broke out on the same day, demanding the immediate resignation of the President Mohamed Morsi.The biggest calls for the removal of Morsi seem to stem from the fact that he refused to share power with other stakeholders in Egyptian politics. Morsi has also been seen as pushing for an Islamic-slanted constitution, which to most people in Egypt is seen as autocratic. Other complaints against Morsi were that the economy has deteriorated even further since he took over. Rates of price inflation have soared to unimaginable levels, and more than 25 percent of Egyptian youths are unemployed. The Egyptian pound has depreciated by 12% since the December 2012.
The emerging picture is that of two opposing power blocs. The monarchies of Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates want to continue regional domination and also want a conservative Islamic government in the most populated country of the region. Qatar and Turkey, on the other hand, are in favor of a less conservative, democratically elected leader.