Illegal Migration as a Security Threat: Emerging Trends and Responses
Conference on Emerging Trends in Non-Traditional Security: Threats and Responses, Christ University, Bengaluru, September 2-3, 2016
M. Mayilvaganan, Assistant Professor, National Institute of Advanced Studies
Abstract of Lecture/Presentation: Illegal migration is a global phenomenon. Socio-economic and environmental problems plays an important part in the movement of people globally by unlawful means. This phenomenon pose serious challenges to the survival and well being of the people and State as it does not recognize borders. It has been estimated that at the end of the 20th century some 150 million people were living outside the country of their birth. Notably, as per Census 2001 the data on migration in India shows that the total number of migrants has been 314 million. Out of these, Bangladeshi migrants who form around 5-20 million are considered to be the largest one from outside country category.
Massive illegal migration from neighbourhood has not only posed a grave danger to national security, but also to social harmony and economic well being. The political and communal tensions in North East India and skirmish in the Indo-Bangladesh border are few cases in point. It is therefore necessitates rethinking on security agendas, finding new and innovative ways to address the emerging security challenges. Especially, given that due to sea-level rise, millions of people from Bangladesh, Maldives and other countries are expected to flee to India in the future. More importantly, it is essential to examine how this phenomenon—illegal migration—(re)shaping the institutional architecture in the region. The talk focus on the emerging trends and their impact on various issues such as economic, demographic and security including border management; response of government and some possible intervention to address the issue.