India-United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism, National Academies Press, 2014, pp. xii+171, ISBN: 978-0-309-31296-7
Authors: Rita Guenther, Micah Lowenthal and Lalitha Sundaresan
India and the United States are the world’s two largest democracies with distinguished scientific traditions and experts in a wide range of scientific-technical fields. Given these strengths and the ability to learn from one another, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences together with the National Institute for Advanced Studies in Bangalore, India, held a joint Indian-U.S. workshop to identify and examine potential areas for substantive scientific and technical cooperation that can support counterterrorism efforts through the Homeland Security Dialogue and through direct cooperation.
India-United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism is the summary of that workshop. It examines topics such as biological threats; protection of nuclear facilities; security (physical and cyber) for chemicals, chemical facilities and other critical infrastructure; and monitoring, surveillance, and emergency response. The report also identifies and examines promising areas for further Indian-U.S. cooperation.
Commercialisation of Space: Opportunities and Challenges, NIAS & Pentagon Press, 2014, ISBN 978-81-8274-800-2, pp.xxii+320, INR 2,295/-
Editors: Bhupendra Jasani and Ram Jakhu
Space technology is a classic example of an emerging capability that has a multitude of applications in both civilian and military segments. In the area of global navigational systems, satellites perform multitudes of tasks while orbiting both near and far orbits round the Earth. While remote sensing satellites are used to map the Earth’s surface, communication satellites enable the successful operation of extensive global communications of various types. As the new capabilities bring in new opportunities, they also bring in their wake new challenges, particularly when the applications involve both commercial opportunities and security concerns.
Evolution of Solid Propellant Rockets in India, 2014, pp. xx+201, ISBN: 978-81-8651-451-1
Author: Rajaram Nagappa
Historical narration of technological achievements is more an exception than the rule in India. The narration in respect of rocket development in the country generally follows this trend with a few notable exceptions covering the developments in the Indian Space Programme. The development of defence rockets has hardly been touched upon. Propulsion forms a major subsystem of the space launch vehicles and missiles, and today, India boasts of a significant capability and capacity in this discipline.
The solid propellant rocket technology in India is essentially home-grown and has found wide application and adaptation in sounding rockets, launch vehicles, and ballistic missiles. While the requirements of solid propellant rockets for the space programme have reached a maturation phase, the requirement of solid propellant rockets for missile applications are diverse in their characteristics, and performance needs continue on a demand and development trajectory. This book highlights the development of solid propellant rockets and the main solid rocket subsystems used in the space programme and ballistic missiles with emphasis on the indigenous nature of development.
To read the Introduction and Chapter One, click here
India-United States Cooperation on Global Security: Summary of a Workshop on Technical Aspects of Civilian Nuclear Materials Security, National Academies Press, 2013, pp. 186, ISBN: 978-0-309-28976-4
Authors: Rita Guenther, Micah Lowenthal, Rajaram Nagappa, and Nabeel Mancheri
The U.S. government has made safeguarding of weapons-grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium an international policy priority, and convened The 2010 Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, D.C., on April 12 and 13, 2010. Forty six governments sent delegations to the summit and twenty nine of them made national commitments to support nuclear security. During the Summit, India announced its commitment to establish a Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership. The Centre is to be open to international participation through academic exchanges, training, and research and development efforts.
India-United States Cooperation on Global Security is the summary of a workshop held by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) together with its partner of more than 15 years, the National Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS) in Bangalore, India. The workshop identified and examined potential areas for substantive scientific and technical cooperation between the two countries on issues related to nuclear material security. Technical experts from India and the United States focused on topics of nuclear material security and promising opportunities for India and the United States to learn from each other and cooperate. This report discusses nuclear materials management issues such as nuclear materials accounting, cyber security, physical security, and nuclear forensics.
Troubling Tehran: Reflections on Geopolitics, Pentagon Press, 2013, pp.xviii+140, ISBN: 978-81-8274-723-4
Editors: Arun Vishwanathan and Rajaram Nagappa
What is the best approach for resolving differences over the Iranian nuclear programme and preventing a conflict? How would a conflict possibly unravel given Iranian military, asymmetric and missile capabilities? What does a military conflict over Iran mean for international order and India in particular? These are some of the questions that the book, Troubling Tehran: Reflections on Geopolitics analyses and seeks answers to.
The Iranian nuclear programme is a complex subject plagued by fundamental differences on how best to resolve it. While some advocate diplomacy and economic sanctions as a way forward, others push for a military response arguing that pursuing diplomacy provides Iran additional time to achieve a break-out capability. However, military coercion may not yield desired results, given the dispersed nature of Iranian nuclear facilities. A strike in fact is likely to accelerate Iranian nuclear weaponisation programme. The recent sanctioning of Iran’s oil sector adds to the regime’s cup of woes which is already overflowing due to a host of economic problems. However, the jury is still out on the question of whether sanctions would spark public disaffection against the regime.
The implications of a military conflict involving Iran are serious for Asia, particularly India. About 85 percent of Iranian oil exports are eastward bound. Dependence on crude and natural gas imports from the Middle East and North Africa region including Iran poses a dilemma for Indian policy makers. New Delhi thus needs to strike a fine balance while basing its policy on realpolitik and national interest.
Rise of China: Indian Perspectives, Lancer Publication, 2013, pp. xv+244, ISBN : 9781935501374
Editors: S. Gopal and Nabeel A. Mancheri
The remarkable rise of China in the last three decades has had a mixed global reaction. While many countries have welcomed this rise, some of China’s neighbours have viewed it with concern if not consternation. What does the rise of China signify for India, given our none too smooth relationship with China and latter’s unqualified support to Pakistan in military and nuclear field? What do our leading companies feel about China? Would the Indian Ocean be the scene of stiff confrontation between India and China? Or is “China Threat” an exaggeration or hype as some would hold?
This book is the result of intense discussions on the above questions in a seminar held on Dec 20/21, 2011 at the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore. The Chapters in this book, based on papers presented by leading experts on China both from the Government and the Private sectors covers almost all aspects of China from internal political developments, foreign policy to economy, S&T developments and Strategic capabilities, particularly with respect to India. China’s growing military and economic clout and impressive advances in trade and technology have all been analyzed by various speakers who are well known for their expertise on china. China’s views on India have also been brought out succinctly. The Seminar was the first major interaction on a subject of strategic national interest. It is hoped that the book would contribute to better understanding of China by both the interested citizens of this country and the policy makers.
Science and Technology to Counter Terrorism: Proceedings of an Indo-US Workshop, National Academies Press, 2007, Washington DC, pp. xii+167, ISBN: 978-0-309-10499-9.
Editors: Roddam Narasimha, Arvind Kumar, Stephen P. Cohen and Rita Guenther
The focus of the workshop was on terrorism and the employment of Science and Technology for its mitigation. Terrorism is not a new problem. However, terrorists now employ science and technology to conduct terrorist attacks across national boundaries.
Despite its international reach, the manifestations of terror differ from location to location. The workshop discussed issues Information Technology and Communications Security, Terrorist threats to Nuclear Energy Facilities and Infrastructure, Biological and Agriculture Terrorist Threats.
The agenda of the workshop was driven by the desire to maximise the experience and expertise of the Indian and American participants, and to lay the groundwork for long-term collaboration.
Disaster Management: National Institute of Advanced Studies, 2003, pp.246, ISBN: 81-87633-53-7.
Editors: S. Rajagopal and Sridhar K. Chari
This book is a collection of papers presented by eminent experts during the annual course on disaster management conducted over the last few years by the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, for senior IAS officers from across the country.
We place this selection before the general reader, administrators, politicians, academics and future participants of the NIAS course, in the hope that it will be found useful and interesting. We believe that the collective experience of the contributors can serve to generate new insights and methodologies in tackling disasters in the country. A key lesson is while it is east to glibly blame out large population, it is administrative, regulatory and policy gaps which need to be addressed urgently.
Prospects for Stability in a Nuclear Subcontinent, National Institute of Advanced Studies, 2003, pp. 175, ISBN:81-87663-44-8.
Editors: S. Rajagopal and Sridhar K. Chari
This book, which sets out to explore the prospects for stability in a nuclear sub-continent, brings together papers by top strategic thinkers from India, Russia, the United States, China and Bangladesh. The papers are drawn from those presented at an international roundtable conference at the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India in September 2002.
Also included are the intense and productive discussions that followed these presentations, and a critical Introduction and Conclusion. This volume is offered as a contribution to policy and decision-making and to international relations scholarship in general.
Nuclear Cooperation: Challenges and Prospects, National Institute of Advanced Studies, 1997, ix+109
Editors: Deepa Ollapally and S. Rajagopal
In this era of globalisation and technology flows, the nuclear field continues to retain strong barriers to international collaboration. From nuclear energy to non-proliferation however, the potential for concerted action exists. The ISSSP held a two day Seminar on November 21-22, 1996 exploring the challenges and projects for achieving mutual cooperation between states relating to all aspects of nuclear technology. This volume is based on the proceedings of the Seminar.
The seminar was attended by senior experts from the U.S., France, South Korea, Japan, India and the International Atomic Energy Agency. A major purpose of the seminar was to approach the question of nuclear cooperation in a novel fashion by bringing international and security affairs analysts together with specialists in the areas of nuclear technology, monitoring and verification, and nuclear power. This unique gathering of scientists, technologists and defence experts was to allow consideration of both technical and political angles of nuclear cooperation. Such an approach is particularly compatible with the underlying philosophy of NIAS which is rooted in multidisciplinary method of problem solving.
The broad themes that the seminar considered included disarmament and the security link; implementation and verification of nonproliferation regimes; transfer of technology and nuclear energy. The seminar culminated with a round table on confidence building. An important point of departure for the proceedings was the Undo-U.S. relationship and the need to place it on a stable course in the nuclear arena.