Tag Archives: Indo-US nuclear deal

Explaining Negotiations

The Book Review, February 2015

Arun Vishwanathan, Assistant Professor, NIAS

Dinshaw Mistry IndoUS Book

Copyright: Cambridge University Press

The Indo-US nuclear agreement was a watershed in many ways. First, it led to the de-hyphenation of India and Pakistan and their relations vis-a-vis the United States. The agreement signalled a significant investment by the United States in its relationship with India. Also, it led to the Indo-US relations being seen as a bilateral relationship rather than from the lens of the American relations with Pakistan, which was how New Delhi historically perceived it. Secondly, the agreement altered, in a significant way, the nonproliferation and export control regime that the US and its allies had put in place following the Indian 1974 nuclear explosion. Thirdly, after decades of isolation, the agreement allowed India to re-engage the international civilian nuclear market. Though there have been other books on the Indo-US nuclear agreement the book by Dinshaw Mistry is useful and important. One of the significant reasons for this is that Mistry develops a framework for explaining nuclear negotiations.

For the complete article (PDF) click here

India-United States Cooperation on Global Security

India-United States Cooperation on Global Security: Summary of a Workshop on Technical Aspects of Civilian Nuclear Materials Security, National Academies Press, 2013, pp. 186, ISBN: 978-0-309-28976-4

Authors: Rita Guenther, Micah Lowenthal, Rajaram Nagappa, and Nabeel Mancheri

The book (pdf) can be downloaded here

Indo-US Book coverThe U.S. government has made safeguarding of weapons-grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium an international policy priority, and convened The 2010 Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, D.C., on April 12 and 13, 2010. Forty six governments sent delegations to the summit and twenty nine of them made national commitments to support nuclear security. During the Summit, India announced its commitment to establish a Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership. The Centre is to be open to international participation through academic exchanges, training, and research and development efforts.

India-United States Cooperation on Global Security is the summary of a workshop held by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) together with its partner of more than 15 years, the National Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS) in Bangalore, India. The workshop identified and examined potential areas for substantive scientific and technical cooperation between the two countries on issues related to nuclear material security. Technical experts from India and the United States focused on topics of nuclear material security and promising opportunities for India and the United States to learn from each other and cooperate. This report discusses nuclear materials management issues such as nuclear materials accounting, cyber security, physical security, and nuclear forensics.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction and Overview of Civilian Nuclear Materials
  2.  Systems Approach to Security at Civilian Nuclear Facilities
  3.  Physical Security at Civilian Nuclear Facilities
  4.  Cybersecurity at Civilian Nuclear Facilities
  5.  The Importance of People in Securing Civilian Nuclear Facilities
  6.  The Emerging Science of Nuclear Forensics
  7.  Nuclear Energy and the Challenge of Development in India
  8.  Implementing Systems Approaches to Security at Civilian Nuclear Facilities
  9.  General Discussion and Suggested Future Actions
  10.  Appendix A: Workshop Agenda 147-152 skim this chapter
  11.  Appendix B: Statement of Task 153-154 skim this chapter
  12.  Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Session Moderators
  13. Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of NAS Planning Committee Members
  14. Appendix E: List of Collaboration Topics Suggested by Workshop Participants

Assessing the Indo-US Deal on Civil Nuclear Cooperation: Managing Risks and Opportunities

Assessing the Indo-US Deal on Civil Nuclear Cooperation: Managing Risks and Opportunities

Authors: Sonika Gupta, Arvind Kumar, S. Chandrashekar

To read complete report in pdf click here

us-deal risks and oppThere has been a lot of debate in India on the risks associated with entering into civil nuclear cooperation with the US. The deal raises interrelated political, strategic and operational risks. The Henry J. Hyde Act passed by the US Congress lays down the legal framework within which the US must negotiate the bilateral 123 Agreement with India. This study undertakes critical analysis of the Indo-US deal and assesses the risks associated with entering into this deal and suggests strategies to manage these risks.

This report also contains two annexures. Annexure I analyses the major provisions of the Hyde Act. Annexure II examines the economic implications of creating and maintaining a strategic fuel reserve over the lifetime of each imported reactor.

Assessing the Indo-US Deal on Civil Nuclear Cooperation: Forging a New Partnership

Assessing the Indo-US Deal on Civil Nuclear Cooperation: Forging a New Partnership

Authors: Sonika Gupta, Arvind Kumar, S. Chandrashekar

To read complete report in pdf click here

us deal new partnershipThe Indo-US nuclear deal has generated a heated debate in India.  The debate so far has been characterized more by ideological posturing rather than by an objective assessment of the pros and cons of the deal.  Many in India have commented that the Act passed by the House of Representatives has altered the goal posts agreed to in the Joint Statement by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President George W. Bush.

How valid are these concerns? Do the promises implicit in the Joint Statement truly reflect US intentions and will they be translated into actions? Can the US be trusted on matters that are crucial for India’s security such as nuclear weapons and energy? How valid are the fears that the deal would erode India’s independence of action in world affairs? These are all genuine worries and need to be addressed. This paper will evaluate the progress on the deal using the July 18, 2005 Joint Statement between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President George Bush as the baseline. As the bill introduced in the Senate remains to be passed, this study will only analyse the Act passed on July 26, 2006 by the US House of Representatives.

The paper shall trace the related developments to assess whether both countries have adhered to the underlying parameters agreed upon in the Joint Statement. In so doing the authors shall also address the various concerns raised by critics of the deal and try to see how these could affect the approaches of the two sides towards the deal. While it is still too early to comment on the outcome with any certainty, the study will try to prioritise the various issues and concerns in terms of their impact on the ongoing negotiations between India and the US. Can India and the US indeed finalise a suitable arrangement that is satisfactory to both sides?

Conducting Academic and Policy Research related to National and International Security Issues
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