Twenty-First Century: Terrorism in Pakistan
Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS) Journal, Summer 2013, KW Publishers, New Delhi
S. Gopal, Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee Visiting Professor, National Institute of Advanced Studies
Jayashree G, Research Assistant, National Institute of Advanced Studies
Pakistan has been employing terrorism as a low cost weapon in its proxy war against India and in the process has encouraged the growth of Islamic radical groups on its territory. It has now fallen victim to its own creations. Since 2001, Pakistan has witnessed a wave of terrorist violence, especially after having joined the “Global War on Terror” (GWOT). Out of the numerous terror attacks, a major percentage was suicide bombing related incidents. The causes of the violence can be attributable to both, Pakistan security forces’ operations against radical groups in Af-Pak region (as part GWOT) and sectarian clashes between Sunni and Shia communities. Increasing radicalisation of the Pakistani society due to Saudi-aided Wahabi movement and the growing disparity in distribution of social wealth can be regarded as catalysts in this regard. It is in this background that the paper examines the trends in suicide bombing in Pakistan and the relevant issues.